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初一英语词汇复习参考:数词小结

时间:2019-04-01来源:一心一意网

  初一英语词汇复习:数词小结(一)

  在学完定语从句之后,同学们会接触到的另一个语法项目是数词。表示数目、多少和顺序先后的词叫数词。数词有两种:表示数目多少的数词叫基数词,如:one,ten twenty-three;表示顺序先后的数词叫序数词,如:first,third,twentieth。

  1.基数词

  基数词相当于名词,在句中可做主语、表语、定语、状语等。如:

  Three of my classmates are from Shanghai.

  I am twenty this year.

  They have four classes in the morning and three in the afternoon.

  2.序数词

  1)序数词的构成:

  大多数的序数词是由基数词加-th构成。如:seven―seventh;ten―tenth

  以-t结尾的基数词只在词尾加-h。如:eight―eighth

  以-ve结尾的基数词改-ve为f再加-th。如:five―fifth;twelve―twelfth

  以-y结尾的基数词改-y为-ie再加-th。如:twenty―twentieth,thirty―thirtieth

  几十几的序数词只在个位数体现。如:twenty-one―twenty-first;thirty-three―thirty-third

  特殊的序数词:

  one―first;two―second;three―third; nine―ninth

  2)序数词在句中同样可做主语、表语、定语、状语等。如:

  June the first is Children’s Day.

  When did you first meet each other?

  She was the last to arrive.

  3.数词的用法:

  1)表示年、月、日,“年”用基数词,“日”用序数词。如:May eleventh,2007

  2)表示时间。如: It’s eleven twenty.

  3)表示编号。编号既可以用基数词表示,也可以用序数词表示。区别是基数词用在名词之后,序数词位于名词之前,并加定冠词。如:Lesson Nine;the Ninth Lesson

  4)介词 in one’s+整数数词的复数形式,表示年龄。如:

  She is in her early forties.(她四十出头。)

  5)序数词前加冠词“a”表示“再一次”。如:Can I try a second time?

  6)在hundred,thousand,million,billion前有数词时为实数意义,它们的词尾不能加复数。前无数词时为虚数意义,hundred,thousand,million,billion可加复数,并可和of连用,构成短语。如:five hundred students;millions of people

  相关阅读:

  初一英语词汇复习:数词小结(二)

  初一英语词汇复习:数词小结(三)

  2010年高考英语词汇复习攻略

  词汇

  如何在高考前对单词进行更加有效的突破?在有限的时间里我们应该做好如下几件事:

  1. 坚持天天背单词

  背单词是一个需要坚持的工作,如果不勤加复习,用得较少的词汇慢慢就会忘记了。所以应该每天抽出一点时间来巩固单词,比如在老师的帮助下集中学习《考试大纲》所列词汇,扩大词汇量;或是每天早上按词汇表顺序回顾复习单词,并联系其同义词、近义词、反义词及其常用短语、常用句型和常用套语。注意把掌握不牢固的单词作标记,下一遍重点复习作标记的单词。对重点词汇和短语,要多造句,在用中记,在语境中记。

  2. 注意常用熟词的生义。这一向是同学们比较容易忽视的点。

  如:

  1) She asked me for an advance on her salary. (n. 预付(款))

  2) The picture looked nice against the white wall. (prep. 映衬)

  3) What you have said amounts to a plain refusal. (v. 相当于)

  4) I must check my bank balance. (n. 差额,余款)

  5) Hunger drove her to steal. (v. 迫使某人(做不好或不快的事))

  3. 掌握构词法知识

  对高考考试说明上所列的前缀和后缀要烂熟于心,前缀有五个dis, in, re, un, non,后缀有17个-able, -al, -an, -ful, -ive, -er, -ese, -ist, -ment, ness, -tion, -fy, -ian, -ing, -ise/ize,-ly, -teen,并熟记这些前缀和后缀的含义。

  4. 归纳具有特殊形式的词汇

  如:只有复数形式的名词。

  1) 一些成双成对的名词通常只有复数形式,常见的有jeans (牛仔裤)、headphones (耳机)、trousers (裤子)、clothes (衣服)、pants (短裤)、glasses (眼镜)、shoes (鞋子)、sunglasses (太阳镜)、scissors (剪刀)、compasses (圆规)。这些名词可单独作主语,动词用复数形式,也可用...pair/pairs of修饰,作主语时动词取决于pair的形式。

  2)一些食物名词只有复数形式,常见的有noodles, vegetables, snacks。

  3) 一些固定短语中的名词只有复数形式,常见有的express one's thanks to sb. (向某人表达感激之情), a letter of thanks (一封感谢信), in high/low spirits (情绪高涨/低落), have sports (进行体育活动)。

  4) 一些不可数名词只有复数形式,但却表示单数概念,常见的有news (消息), means (手段)。

  As we all know, no news is good news. 众所周知,没有消息就是好消息。

  5) 一些专有名词只有复数形式,但却表示单数概念,常见的有:the United States (美国)、the United Nations (联合国)、the United Kingdoms (英国)、the Arabian Nights (《一千零一夜》)。

  5. 坚持每天阅读

  在记忆词汇的同时,每天要安排相应的阅读理解,完形填空和短文改错或阅读表达练习,这是为了让所记忆的词汇在具体的语言环境中得以再现和运用,强化自己所记的词汇。另一方面,还可以加强自己对语言信息的捕获速度。

  高考英语词汇复习专练[一]

  高考英语单词每日一练(一)

  1. ________ adj. 惊讶的

  ________ adj. 令人惊讶的

  2. ________ adj.感到不好意思的

  ________ adj. 令人难堪的

  ________ vt. 使窘迫

  3. ________ vt.使厌烦

  ________ adj.感到厌烦的

  ________ adj.令人乏味的

  4. ________ 对……的态度

  5. ________ n.印象

  ________ adj.给人印象深的

  6.impress sth on sth ________

  7. impress sb______

  8.__________________、__________________使某人铭记某事。

  9.为……所感动________

  10. 对……最初印象________

  11.给某人留下深刻印象________

  12.用……覆盖________

  13.占地面面积为

  14.走了2,000里________

  15.报导会议________

  16.锅盖________

  17.在……掩护下

  18.与……相似________

  19.相似 n.________

  20.相似 adj.________

  21.介绍 vt.________

  22.介绍 n.________

  23.把……介绍给

  24.向…….自我介绍________

  25. 把……引进________

  26.介绍信________

  27…….的简介

  28.把……分成________

<癫痫治疗医院哪家较好p>  29.划分,分配________

  30.把……分成两份 ________、________、_________

  31.某数除以某数________

  32.have fun________

  33.for fun________

  34.in fun________

  35.makefun of________

  36.by onesef________

  37.for oneself________

  38.in oneself________

  39.of oneself________

  40.be oneself________

  41.to oneself________

  42.come to oneself________

  43. look forward to________

  44. lead to________

  45.turn to________

  46.beget used to________

  47.refer to________

  48.pay a visit to________

  49. point to________

  50. prefer…to…________

  51. stick to________

  52.pay attention to

  53.get down to________

  54. devote to________

  Keys:

  1. amazed amazing

  2.embarrassed, embarrassing, embarrass

  3.bore bored boring

  4. an attitude to /towards sb./sth

  5. impression impressive

  6.把……印于;压印;盖印

  7.给……留下印象

  8.impress sth on/upon sb; impress sb. with sth.

  9. be impressed by

  10. the first impreesion of

  11.make strong impression on sb.

  12.cover…with

  13.cover an area of

  14.cover 2,000 li

  15.cover a conference

  16.a cover of a pan

  17.under the cover of

  18.be similar to

  19.similarity

  20.similar

  21.introduce

  22.intruduction

  23. introduce sb. to sb.

  24.introduce onesself to sb.

  25. introduce sth into

  26. a letter of introduction

  27.a brief introduction to

  28.divide…into…

  29.divide up

  30.divide…in

  half/divide…in two/divide…into halvers

  31.divide sth. By sth.

  32.玩的高兴

  33.为了好玩,取乐

  34.开玩笑地

  35. 作弄,嘲笑,取笑

  36.独自地

  37.亲自地,为自己

  38.本来,本身

  39.自动地

  40.处于正常状态

  41. 给自己,独自享用

  42.恢复意识

  43.盼望

  44.导向

  45.转向,求助于

  46.习惯于

  47. 参考,查阅

  48.拜访

  49.指向

  50.喜欢……而不喜欢

  51.坚持,粘住

  52.注意到

  53.着手干某事

  54. 献身于

  高考英语单词每日一练(二)

  1.有趣的 adj.

  2.逗乐,使……笑 vt.

  3.娱乐,消遣,乐趣 n.

  4.感激,欣赏 vt.

  5.承认做某事

  6.承认已经做过某事

  7.准入,接纳 n.

  8.承认某人某事

  9.接纳某人进入

  10.容许有;有……可能

  11.尊敬,敬重n.& vt.

  12.因某事尊敬或敬重某人

  13.自重

  14.尊敬……

  15.关于某事物

  16.涉及,提到某事物

  17.物质,事情n.

  18.事实上,实际上

  19.做的好

  20.做的更好

  21.宁愿

  22.宁愿……,也不……

  23.宁愿……,也不……

  24.不断做某事

  25.保留

  28.使……有秩序

  29.保持平衡

  30.不让……入内

  31.与……保持同步

  32.抑制,忍住,防止

  33 与……保持联系

  34.遵守诺言

  35.继续,维持

  36.保持健康

  37. Go ont to do

  38.Go on doing

  39.Stop to do

  40.Stop doing

  41.Remember to do

  42.Remember doing

  43.Forget to do

  44.Forget doing

  45.Regret to do

  46.Regret doing

  47.Try to do

  48.Try doing

  49.Mean to do

  50.Mean doing

  51.Can`t help to do

  52.Can`t help doing

  答案:

  1.有趣的 adj. amusing

  2.逗乐,使……笑 vt. amuse

  3.娱乐,消遣,乐趣 n. amusement

  4.感激,欣赏 vt. appreciate

  5.承认做某事 admit doing sth

  6.承认已经做过某事 admit having done sth.

  7.准入,接纳 n. admission

  8.承认某人/某事 admit sb/sth to be

  9.接纳某人进入 admit sb to/into

  10.容许有;有……可能 admit of

  11. 尊敬,敬重n.& vt. respect

  12.因某事尊敬或敬重某人 respect sb./sth for sth

  13.自重 respect onself

  14.尊敬…… show respect for

  15.关于某事物 in rspect of sth

  16.涉及,提到某事物 With respect to sth

  17.物质,事情n. matter

  18.事实上,实际上 as a matter of fact

  19.做的好 Do well in

  20.做的更好 Do better in

  21.宁愿 Would rather

  22.宁愿……,也不…… Would rather…than=would…rather than

  23.宁愿……,也不…… Would/prefer to…rather than

  24.不断做某事 Keep (on) doing

  25.保留 Keep back

  28.使……有秩序 Keep…in order

  29.保持平衡 Keep balance

  30.不让……入内 Keep out (of)

  31.与……保持同步 Keep up with

  32.抑制,忍住,防止 Keep from

治癫痫的药物

  33.与……保持联系 Keep in touch with

  34.遵守诺言 Keep one`s word

  35.继续,维持 Keep up

  36.保持健康 Keep fit

  37.Go ont to do 接着做另一件事

  38.Go on doing 继续做同一件事

  39.Stop to do 停下来……

  40.Stop doing 停止做……

  41.Remember to do 记住要去做

  42.Remember doing 记得过去曾做过

  43.Forget to do 忘记要去做

  44.Forget doing 忘记了曾做过

  45.Regret to do 很遗憾地去做

  46.Regret doing 后悔做过

  47.Try to do 努力做

  48.Try doing 试着做

  49.Mean to do 打算做

  50.Mean doing 意味着

  51.Can`t help to do 不能帮忙于

  52.Can`t help doing 禁不住

  高考英语词汇复习专练[二]

  高考英语单词每日一练(三)

  1 距离,远方,远处n.

  2 远的,久远的 adj.

  3 在远处

  4 相距,相隔

  5 与……保持一定距离

  6 被遗弃的 adj.

  7 放弃,遗弃 vt.

  8 沉溺于

  9 放任,纵情

  10 放弃做某事

  11 (总称)风景,景色n.

  12 风景,名胜(人文)n.

  13 一眼所看到的景色 n.

  14 将人/动物吓跑

  15 吓的某人不敢做某事

  16 害怕

  17 吓的要命

  18 把某人吓坏了

  19 引起恐慌的;惊恐的adj.

  20 受惊的;恐惧的 adj

  21 与大小、色调等的搭配v.

  22 合乎需要,口味;指衣服的颜色花样适合v.

  23 尺寸、形状合适 v.

  24 过期的

  25 现代化的

  26 追溯到……

  27 上气不接下气

  28 失控

  29 出毛病

  30 够不着

  31 不成问题

  32 成问题的,不可能

  33 起飞,取消

  34 拿走,夺去

  35 收回,带回

  36 拆卸,记下

  37 以为,误以为

  38 吸收,接纳

  39 呈现

  40 接管,接任

  41 拿起,占据

  42 进展,相处

  43 逃离

  44 下车,动身

  45 让某人干某事

  46 开始认真(干某事)

  47 除掉,摆脱

  48 传播

  49 通过,做完

  50 以……速度

  51 加速

  52 急驶而去

  53 迅速

  54 全速

  55 很快地

  56 不再

  57 不再

  58 不再

  59 不再

  答案

  1 距离,远方,远处n. distance

  2 远的,久远的 adj. distant

  3 在远处 In the distnace

  4. 相距,相隔 at a distance

  5 与……保持一定距离 Keep one`s distnace from

  6 被遗弃的 adj. abandoned

  7 放弃,遗弃 vt. abandon

  8 沉溺于 Abandon oneself

  9 放任,纵情 With abandon

  10 放弃做某事 Abandon doing sth

  11 (总称)风景,景色n. scenery

  12 风景,名胜(人文)n. sight

  13. 一眼所看到的景色 n. view

  14 将人/动物吓跑 Frighten sb/sth.away

  15 吓的某人不敢做某事 Frighten sb into/ out of doing sth

  16 害怕 be frightened of=be afraid of

  17 吓的要命 Be frightened out of one`s life

  18 把某人吓坏了 Frighten sb to death

  19 引起恐慌的;惊恐的adj. frightening

  20 受惊的;恐惧的 adj frightened

  21 与大小、色调等的搭配v. match

  22 合乎需要,口味;指衣服的颜色花样适合v. suit

  23 尺寸、形状合适 v. fit

  24 过期的 Out of date

  25 现代化的 Up to date

  26 追溯到…… Date back to/from

  27 上气不接下气 Out of breath

  28 失控 Out of control

  29 出毛病 Out of order

  30 够不着 Out of reach

  31 不成问题 Out of question

  32 成问题的,不可能 Out of the question

  33 起飞,取消 Take off

  34 拿走,夺去 Take away

  35 收回,带回 Take back

  36 拆卸,记下 Take down

  37 以为,误以为 Take for

  38 吸收,接纳 Take in

  39 呈现 Take on 40 接管,接任 Take over

  41 拿起,占据 Taake up

  42 进展,相处 Get on/along

  43 逃离 Get away (from)

  44 下车,动身 Get off

  45 让某人干某事 Get sb to do sth

  46 开始认真(干某事) Get down to

  47 除掉,摆脱 Get rid of

  48 传播 Get around

  49 通过,做完 Get through

  50 以……速度 at a speed of

  51 加速 Speed up

  52 急驶而去 Speed away/off

  53 迅速 At speed

  54 全速 at full/all speed

  55 很快地 With great/all speed

  56 不再 No more

  57 不再 Not…any more

  58 不再 No longer

  59 不再 Not… any longer

  高考英语单词每日一练(四)

  1. 调查;测量;全面审视n.& v.

  2 测量,勘察;作全面调查

  3 有魅力的 adj.

  4 吸引,引起

  5 魅力,吸引人的物 n.

  6 引起某人的注意

  7 把某人吸引到

  8 对某人有一点吸引力

  9 拿……烦扰某人

  10 干扰/麻烦某人要某物

  11 为……而烦恼

  12 特地做,特意做

  13 为……操心,

  14 做……几乎不费力

  15 接近,靠近 n.& v.

  16 饿死

  17 渴望得到某物

  18 断绝食物迫使某人出来

  19 饿死n. 20 职业 n.

  21 从事/专心….;忙于

  22 失业

  23 无固定职业

  24 职业上的

  25 负担得起……的费用

  26 负担得起干……的费用

  27 给与某人某物

  28 幸免于 vt.

  29 幸存者 n.

  30 生存,残存 n.

  31 在事故中幸免于难

  32 靠树叶生存

  33 适者生存

男性羊癫疯治疗方法>  34 会晤,接触,有联系n&vt.

  35 与……取得联系

  36 和……接触

  37 与……保持联系

  38 与……有/失去联系

  39 put up

  40 build

  41 set up

  42 found

  43 pay sb

  44 pay for

  45 pay sb. money for sth

  46 pay off

  47 be made of

  48 be made from

  49 be made in

  50 be made by

  51 be made out of

  52 be made into

  53 be made up of

  答 案

  1. survery

  2 Make a survery

  3 attractive

  4 attract

  5 attraction

  6 Attract one`s attention

  7 Attract sb. to+n./pron

  8 Have a little attraction for/of sb.

  9 Bother sb with/ about sth.

  10 Bother sb. for sth.

  11 Bother about/with sb./ sth.

  12 Bother to do

  13 Bother oneself/ one`s head about

  14 Have little bother (in) doing

  15 approach

  16 starve to death

  17 Starve for sth.

  18 Starve sb. into sth./doing sth

  19 starvtion

  20 occupation

  21 Be occupied with/in doing sth

  22 Lose one`s occupation

  23 Have no fixed occupation

  24 By occupation

  25 afford sth.

  26 Afford to do sth

  27 afford sb. sth.

  28 survive

  29 survivor

  30 survival

  31 Survive the accident

  32 Survive by the leaves

  33 The survival of the fittest

  34 contact

  35 Get in contact with=make contact with

  36 Come into/in contact with

  37 Keep in contact/touch with

  38 Be in/out of contact with

  39 举起,建造,搭起

  40 建造

  41 创建,开办公司

  42 建立,成立

  43 付给某人(钱,工资)

  44 付……的钱

  45 因……付给某人钱

  46 还清

  47 由……制作

  48 由……制作

  49 在……制作

  50 被……制作

  51 由……改制成

  52 被制作成

  53 由……组成

  高考英语词汇复习专练[三]

  1. The boy __________ ____(使鼓起)his chest by breathing deeply.

  2. I found the _______________(结论)of the film very moving.

  3. The judge _____________(决定,判断)that the prisoner was guity.

  4. 瞄准,目标是___________________

  5. 把目标对准某人/某物__________________________________

  6. 旨在做某事________________________________

  7. 无某地的________________________________

  8. My first _________(aim, goal, object) was to receive a completeandgood education.

  9. His ___________(aim, goal, object)in life is to become scientist.

  10. The____________(aim, goal, object) of my visit is to ask for your advice.

  11. 一件设备_____________________________

  12. Our classroom _____________________________(配备) a TV set and tape recorder.

  13. How did he____________________(反应) your suggestion?

  14. What was her ________________(反应)to the news?

  15. His abilities were hardly above the _________________(ordinary, common, usual, normal).

  16. That morning he came earlier than _______________(ordinary, common, usual, normal), for it was not an ________________(ordinary, common, usual, normal) day.

  17. 37° is the_____________________(ordinary, common, usual, normal) temperature of the human body.

  18. He _______________________(应该,应当) be an expert in this field.

  19. 使……整齐;使……有条理________________________________________________

  20. 有序的_____________________________

  21. 无序的__________________________________

  22. 井然有序___________________________________

  23. 乱七八糟________________________________

  24. 奉……的命令;根据……的指示____________________________________________

  25. 与某人订购某物_________________________________________________________

  26. 为了……

  27. keep…out of…

  28. keep (sb) away (from sth)_____________________________

  29. keep sb from doing sth_____________________________________

  30. keep back______________________________________________________

  31. keep sth. in mind___________________________________________

  32. keep in touch with______________________________________________

  33. keep (on)doing sth. ______________________________________________

  34. keep off______________________________________________________

  35. keep up_________________________________________

  36. keep up with______________________________________

  37. keep to_______________________________________________

  平顶山癫痫病症医院38. be used to(doing) sth. ________________________________

  39. be used to do sth. _____________________________________

  40. be used for sth. /doing sth. __________________________________

  答 案

  1. expanded

  2. conclusion

  3. concluded

  4. aim at

  5. take aim at sb. / sth.

  6. aim to do sth.

  7. without aim

  8. aim

  9. goal

  10. object

  11. a piece of equipment

  12. is equipped with

  13. react to

  14. reaction

  15. ordinary

  16. ussual;ordinary

  17. normal

  18. was supposed to

  19. put sth. in order

  20. in order

  21. out of order

  22. in good order

  23. in bad order

  24. by order of

  25. place an order with sb. for sth.

  26. in order to

  27. 防止……进入

  28. 使(某人)离开(某物)

  29. 阻止某人做某事

  30. 阻止,抑制;忍住;隐瞒

  31. 记住(某物)

  32. 与……保持联系

  33. 继续做某事

  34. 远离,避开, 让开

  35. 保持,维持

  36. 跟上

  37. 坚持,保持,不离开

  38. 习惯于(做)某事

  39. 被用来做某事

  40. 被用来做……

  高考英语词汇复习专练[四]

  1. The box __________(contain,include)ten bottles.

  2. The price ______________(contain,include)postage charges.

  3. Only high officials had _____________(接近) the emperor.

  4. 容易/难接近________________________________________.

  5. 接见,准许出入___________________________________________

  6. A truck went to control and ____________________(撞上)the back of a bus.

  7. 被撞的粉碎_________________________________________________

  8. 掉到地上粉碎________________________________________________

  9. The tree fell _____________________(哗啦一声).

  10. Who ________(设计) the Sydney Opera House?

  11. The book _____________ (主要为……而做/设置)use in colleges.

  12. 为……设计_____________________

  13. 对……抱不良企图_______________________________________________

  14. He _______________(专注于)his energies ___________ studying.

  15. This year the company __________(集中精力于)improving its efficiency.

  16. He has made a ____________(全力以赴的)efforts to improve his work.

  17. I ___________(走神) and nearly drove into a bridge.

  18. 允许某人做某事___________________________________

  19. 允许某人得到某物___________________________________

  20. 体谅,为……留出余地____________________________________

  21. 不容辩解____________________________________________.

  22. The children all sleep in ____________(separate, divide)deds.

  23. He ________________(separate, divide)the big eggs from the small ones.

  24. The whole class _______________(被分成) four groups.

  25. He came _____________(不但……而且)his brother.

  26. You may __________(最好)tell me the truth.

  27. We shall have to work hard to ________________________(赶上)them.

  28. I`ll let you know if anything_____________(发生,突然出现).

  29. go down________________________________

  30. go about________________________________________

  31. go at_________________________________________

  32. go by________________________

  33. go through_________________________________

  34. go against________________________________________

  35. go for__________________________________

  36. go in for_____________________________________

  37. go up___________________________________________

  答案:

  1. contains

  2. includes

  3. access to

  4. be easy/hard of access

  5. give access to

  6. crashed into

  7. be crashed to pieces

  8. crash to the floor

  9. with a crash

  10. designed

  11. is designed mainly for

  12. design for

  13. have designs on

  14. concentrated…on

  15. has concentrated on

  16. concentrated

  17. lost my concentration

  18. allow sb to do sth.

  19. allow sb sth.

  20. allow for

  21. allow of no excuse

  22. separate

  23. separated

  24. is divided into

  25. as well as

  26. as well

  27. come up with

  28. comes up

  29. 下降,落下,下沉,下跌,减弱,降低

  30. 到处走到;从事,着手做

  31. 冲向,攻击

  32. 过去,依照

  33. 经历,经受

  34. 违反,违背

  35. 进攻,冲向

  36. 参加,爱好

  37. 涨价,上涨

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